GCP Classroom Series – 13/Mar/2021

Instance Template

  • Scenario: Consider a ficticious application called as lt-ehealth, the architecture of the application is as shown below Preview

  • Now to realize this architecture, we can

    • create a vm called as lt-web and install/configure/deploy web application
    • Similarly create vms and deploy the following applications
      • lt-epharma
      • lt-eradiology
      • lt-econsul
    • We can create gcloud sql for primary and secondary database
  • We need to address the following concerns

    • When lt-eweb or any of the application modules are having more load, then how to address this situation?
    • We need to enable auto scaling. Auto scaling is a feature of cloud where you increase/decrease number of systems (vms) running a particular application automatically based on certain conditions like cpu utilization, network etc.
    • In the vm the application should be pre-installed, its not a good idea to install application on the fly
    • We also need to address the following concern when i have more than one vm running my application how can i create a load balancer
  • Instance template is a resource that you can use to create vms or managed instance groups

  • Each instance template defines the machine type, boot disk image, labels and other instance properties so that we can create multiple vm’s from that

Scenario

  • Lets create a image of the machine where lamp stack is installed and consider it to be lt-eweb
  • Create a ubuntu18 vm Preview
  • Now install lamp stack excluding mysql and firewall by following steps Refer Here
  • Install stress tool
sudo apt install stress -y
  • Now lets try to create a image Preview Preview Preview
  • Now lets try to create an instance template with lt-eweb image and in the us-central in all zones Preview Preview Preview
  • We would be also create image templates for our application components
    • lt-epharma
    • lt-eradiology
    • lt-econsul
  • To automate this image creation we have tool called as Packer Refer Here
  • We can use instance template to create a vm instance or instance groups Preview Preview
  • But our idea is not to create one vm but to create vms that can be autoscaled
  • So we have to create instance groups, There are two types of instance groups
    • Managed Instance Groups:
      • This allows our workloads to be scalable and highly available via automated services in the groups such as auto scaling or auto healing
      • Google recommends using this type of group
    • Unmanaged Instance Groups
      • This type of instance groups allows for load balancing across vm’s which are not identical.
      • These are self managed and auto scaling and auto healing is not supported

Managed Instance Groups (MIGs)

  • We can use MIGs for scenarios
    • Stateless serving workloads
    • Statelful applications (legacy applications)
  • A MIG creates each of its managed instance based on instance template and optional stateful configuration

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