Linux Classroom Series – 04/Sept/2020

Reading input from files

  • Lets assume we have list of server ip addresses or hosts in the file called as servers.txt.
  • We are asked to find which servers are up
  • This script is working but it is unable to redirect the output to a text

# Usage: ./checkservers <servers-filepath>
# servers-filepath is a text file with each server in new line

if [ ! -f "$1" ] ;
    echo "The input to $0 should be a file"
echo "The following servers are up on $(date +%x)" > checkservers.out
while read server; 
    ping -c1 "$server"&& echo "Serverup $server" >> checkservers.out
done < $1

cat checkservers.out

Building Blocks for reusability : Functions

  • DRY principle(Don’t Repeat Your Self)

  • We will cover the following aspects

    • Introduction
    • Passing Parameters to the functions
    • Variable scope
    • Returning values from functions
    • Recursive functions
  • Functions are internally represented as blocks of code in memory as named elements. These elements can be created within shell environment, as well as within the script execution.

  • Execute declare -F in the bash. The output of this command might vary with distribution Preview Preview

  • Functions can be created using the following two syntaxes

  • Syntax 1:

function-name() {
    <code to be executed>
  • Syntax 2:
function <function-name> {
    <code to be executed>
  • Lets start with a simple function
show_system_details() {
    echo "Uptime is"
    echo "Cpu details"
    echo "User list"

is_file() {
    if [ ! -f "$1" ]; then
        echo "$1 is not a file"
        exit 2

backup_file() {
    is_file "$1"
    cp $1 $new_file_loc
    echo "file is copied to $new_file_loc"

backup_file "/home/ubuntu/1.txt"

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